Professor, Chair of Curriculum in Archaeology, and Director of Research Labs of Archaeology


Phone: (919) 962-3841

Fax: (919) 962-1613

Office: 202 Alumni Bldg.

Area of Interest:

Archaeology, Paleoethnobotany, Subsistence Economies, Foodways, North America, Greek Aegean, Complex Societies


Ph.D., University of Michigan, 1986.

Research & Activities:

Research Experience: Fieldwork Experience: Michigan 1969, 70; Southeast Missouri 1971, 72; Florida 1973, 74; Ohio 1974; Alabama 1978, 79, 95, 99. Archaeobotanical Experience: Investigations of plant remains from Moundville and associated sites in Alabama, from several Spanish colonial sites in Florida, from the Parkin site in Arkansas, and from sites in Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New York, South Carolina, and Virginia.

Present Research: Anthropology, with specialization in Archaeology and Paleoethnobotany. My research focuses on the late prehistoric and early historic peoples of the southeastern United States. I am interested in understanding the articulation between the subsistence practices and the complex social and political relations of the Native Americans and early European colonists who lived in the region. I have used archaeobotanical data to investigate shifts in plant used that occurred as the Moundville chiefdom was developing. I have also investigated the subsistence practices of the early Spanish colonists and missionaries in Florida and adjacent areas. Currently, in collaboration with John Scarry, I am investigating the social, community, and economic structure of the Late Woodland societies that were ancestral to the Moundville chiefdom.

Selected Publications:

1998 Domestic Life on the Northwest Riverbank at Moundville. In Archaeology of the Moundville Chiefdom, edited by V. Knight and V. Steponaitis, pp. 63-101. Smithsonian Institution Press.

1997 (with Vincas P. Steponaitis) Between Farmstead and Center: The Natural and Social Landscape of Moundville. In People, Plants and Landscapes:Studies in Paleoethnobotany, edited by K. Gremillion, pp. 107-122. University of
Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

1994 (with Paul D. Welch) Status-Related Variations in Foodways in the Moundville Chiefdom. American Antiquity 60(3). (forthcoming)

1993 (edited) Foraging and Farming in the Eastern Woodlands. Ripley P. Builen Monographs in Anthropology and History, University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

1990 (with Elizabeth J. Reitz) Herbs, Fish, Scum, and Vermin: Subsistence Strategies in Sixteenth Century Spanish Florida. In Columbian Consequences. Volume II: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives on the Spanish Borderlands East, edited by D. H. Thomas, pp. 343-354. Smithsonian Press, Washington, D.C.