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Professor Emeritus

Email: crumley(@)



Postal address:
Lill-Jans Plan 2
Stockholm 11425 Sweden


+46 (0)73.720.9024

Area of Interest:

Current Research Interests:
Epistemology of complex adaptive systems, especially as regards human societies; “Two Cultures” (science/humanities) problems in inter- and transdisciplinary research; integrated global- to local-scale historical ecology; historical climate change; evolution of landscapes; social inequality; social memory; applications of geomatics (esp. GIS/remote sensing) to anthropology, ecology, and regional planning.


B.A. (1966) University of Michigan (Ann Arbor), in anthropology, with minors in geology and classics.

M.A. (1967)    University of Calgary (Alberta, Canada), in archaeology.  Thesis title: The Kantzler Site:  A Multicomponent Manifestation of the Woodland Pattern.  Advisor: Richard S. MacNeish.Thesis published, 1973.

Ph.D. (1972)  University of Wisconsin (Madison), in anthropology, with a minor in ecology.  Dissertation title:  Celtic Social Structure: The Generation of Archaeologically Testable Hypotheses from Literary Evidence.  Advisors: Chester S. Chard, Paul MacKendrick.Dissertation published, 1974.

Professional Background:

Current Affiliations:

Visiting Professor, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History
Research Director, Integrated History and Future of People on Earth (IHOPE)
Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Visiting Professor, Centre for Biodiversity
Swedish Agricultural University (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden

Research & Activities:

My first work in anthropology was in museology and Native North American archaeology and ethnohistory, with fieldwork in the Great Lakes region. My doctoral work and subsequent field work and scholarly research in Europe reflected a keen interest in state-level societies (particularly aspects of status and class) and in macro-scale spatial configurations and their relationships to socio-political organization. I have theoretical interests in dialectical and community-based approaches to human/environment relations, and in utilizing historical ecology to formulate regional mitigation plans. I continue to expand my work in heterarchy, a critique of hierarchy that calls attention to the existence of viable social structural alternatives, with the added advantage of being more responsive to environmental constraints.

Europe (especially France) offers a particularly rich archaeological, environmental, and ethnographic resource, and I continue to concentrate research efforts there.My pan-European interests are in landscape history, the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy, European efforts to preserve cultural heritage, and the importance of regional-scale approaches to sustainable urbanism.

A focus for my work in Europe (now based in Sweden) is as Executive Director of the History and Future of People on Earth (IHOPE), a global network of researchers and research projects using integrative frameworks to study human and Earth system history and our species’ future. IHOPE’s long-term, human-scale perspective unites Earth system science with the social sciences, the humanities, and communities of practice.  The IHOPE project office is hosted by Uppsala University in Sweden. Visit IHOPE here:

I am also a researcher at the Swedish Biodiversity Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) in Uppsala. With colleagues there, and in Europe and the United States, we will publish Issues and Concepts in Historical Ecology in 2017 with Cambridge University Press. I am Co-editor (with William Balée) of the Routledge series Frontiers in Historical Ecology. In 2011 I received an honorary doctorate from Uppsala University and the Wahlberg Gold Medal from the Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography.