Reprinted from American Anthropologists 92(4),

December 1990
© 1990 American Anthropological Association

Editorial Policy: The American Anthropologist publishers articles, research reports, essays, commentaries, and book, film, and exhibit reviews. Articles present significant research findings and theoretical analyses. Research Reports are concise and are topically narrower than major articles. Essays present scholarly issues or ideas in a variety of formats, and Commentaries address topics raised in earlier articles.

Book, film, and exhibit reviews, and review particular books or films may identify themselves to the Editor-in-Chief or Film Review Editor.

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The editors reserve the right to reject or return for revision any material submitted, on the grounds of inappropriate subject matter, quality, length, or inconformity with this style guide.

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Sections of the Manuscript: The sections should be ordered as follows:

1. Title Page 5. References Cited
2. Abstract 6. Tables (each on a separate page)
3. Text 7. List of Figure captions
4. Notes and Acknowledgements 8. Figures (including both drawings and
photographs)
Title Page: Give title, author(s), author’s(s) affiliation(s), and running head.

Abstract: Each article-length manuscript must begin with an abstract, a 50- to 75-word summary of the essential points and findings of the paper, not an introduction or a mere list of topics.

Text: Reference (including references to personal communications) are placed in the body of the text, not in
Notes. Following each quotation (even an indented one) or a statement specific enough to need a reference, the citation is placed in parentheses, with the author’s name, followed by the year of publication of the work quoted or referred to, and the page or pages cited, thus: (Doe 1968:122), (Johnson 1983:115-119). For more than three authors, use the first author’s name followed by “et al.”: (Manning et al. 1970-21-22). If the author of the quotation is clear from the text, then the sentence concluding the reference should cite the year of publication and the page(s).

Note: No footnotes are to appear at the foot of the typed page or of the final published pages. All notes follow the text, beginning on a new page. They are restricted to material that cannot be conveniently included in the text. Avoid unnecessarily long notes. Notes are numbered consecutively throughout the text by superscript numbers.

Acknowledgements: These constitute the first paragraph of Notes. They are not given a superscript or note number referring back to the title, opening paragraph, or other material.

References Noted: The text and notes are followed by References Cited-which do not include any publication not cited in the text; the list is not a bibliography. References Cited should begin on a separate page, and all entries must be double spaced, listed alphabetically by last name or senior, and chronologically for two or more titles by the same author(s). In listing an unusual reference, include all information needed to enable a reader to identify and locate the source; when n doubt, include details, and the editors will details, and the editors will delete any that are considered unnecessary.

The typed layout should conform to the printed layout:

Smith, Clarence D.

1953 Economics of the Pygmies, 2ND edition, London: Kegan Paul
1967 Prestige and Culture: Early Theories. Amer8ican Anthropologist 16: 214-245.

The entries have the following elements: (1) author(s), (2) year of publication, and (3) title and source. Those elements are discussed separately herein:

1. Author
One author: Smith, Clarence D.
Two to five authors: Smith, Clarence D., John F. Smith, and R.S. Jones
More than five authors: Smith, Clarence D., et al
Corporate author: American Friends Service Committee
Editor, compiler, assembler, or translator Alvarez Garcia, Manual, ed. (or comp., assembler,
trans.)
2. Year of Publication
Give the year of the edition actually cited in the text. If the date of the first publication is
Important, it should immediately follow the year 1985[1892] in both text and References
Cited. For unpublished material, an actual or estimated date should be used, never “n.d.”
“In press” is used only for material accepted and in process of publication; date of publication is
used (with “in press” at the end of the entry).

3. Title and Source:
Not published (yet): “Manuscript” refers to material not published. Supply information about
The location of the manuscript (files of author; or Smith Collection, Folder E, Yale University
Library; or Archives of Department of History, Delaware State College, Dover).

Article in periodical: The Inscriptions of Limon, Honduras. American Anthropologists 11:
Issue numbers needed only if pagination is not continuous through the volume. When in
Doubt, include it, thus: Natural History 23(3): 7-11. Place of publication is included only when needed to void ambiguity, as in Revista de Antropologia, for which Havana, Trujillo, or Seville is needed.)

Chapter in a book: An inquiry into Land Partitioning in Uganda. In Essays in Land Tenure in Africa, Arthur C. Doyle, ed. Pp. 46-91. Hamilton, NJ: Rose. (State or country is specified only
if place of publication might be uncertain with it. Do not list publisher branch offices. Include any subtitles of book rather than short title only.)

Volume in a series: The Prehistory of the Little Colorado Valley. Fieldiana: Anthropology, Vol. 79: If a series issuque and identifiable, as in the example given, the publisher is not specified. With series in general, name organization first and then specify the particular series, such as Special Publication, Memoirs, Bulletins, etc.)

Articles in volume in series: A survey of Maya Architecture. In Archaeology of southern Mesoamerica, Part 1. Gordon R. Willey, ed. Pp. 718-740. Handbook of Middle American Indians, Vol. 2. Robert Wauchope, gen. Ed. Austin: University of Texas Press. Publication having more than one Volume: The Quarternary in Retrospect 4 vols. Denver: Plains Geological Society. Note: In the text cite as (Peterson 1969-2:II:442-443), with “II” identifying the volume number.

Proceeding and transactions: The Costumes of the Aztecs. Atti del XL Congreso Internazionale degil
Americanisti, Roma-Genova, 1972, Vol. 3, pp. 691-727. Genoa: ilgher. (Cite by date of the publication,
not of the meeting or conference, which is part of the title of the source.

Review: Review of Sex and Temper, by Maud Maigret. Birth Control Review 15: 119-121.

Dissertation or monograph: Institutionalized Responses to Disease: The Leper through History. Ph.D. dissertation, Anthropology Department, Cornell University. (include any subtitle, short title is not sufficient.)

Foreign publications: The city name is anglicized but the publish is not. It is the author’s responsibility
to provide the correct form of names (Alvrez Garcia, Manuel, not Garcia, Manuel Alvarez). Authors must
include proper accent in foreign names and article or book titles.

Translated publications: Totemism. R.S. Peabody, trans. Oston: Little, Brown. (Original: Le
Totemisme Aujourde’hui, Paris, 1933). Translation of title supplied: Nihon Kazoki Seido to Kosaku
Seido (The Family System and the Tenant System of Japan). Tokyo: Dawada Shobo.

References in Review: In a book review, page numbers along will suffice for citation from the book
under review, e.g., (pp. 22-23). Authors of reviews should use no references, instead merely referring
briefly to a particular publication, e.g., Jones covers this thoroughly in the Ascent of Man (Harper and
Row, 1967).”
Tables: All tabular material should be separate from the text, in a series of “tables” numbered
consecutively with Arabic numerals. Each table is typed on a separate page and identified by a short descriptive title centered at the top of the table. . Footnotes for tables appear at the bottom of each table and are marked with lowercase, superscript letters (a,b,c, etc.). Marginal notations in the manuscript should indicate approximate placement of tables.

Figures: All illustrative material drawings, charts, maps, diagrams, and photographs) should be included
in a single numbered series of “figures.” They must be submitted in a form suitable for publication without redrawing. Lettering for figures is never satisfactory if done on a typewriter. Drawings and their lettering should be carefully done in black ink on white illustration board or good-quality acetate. In preparing oversize figures for reduction, use the same proportions as the text page of the journal, and all lines must be thick enough and spaced widely enough to be legible for reduction to journal size. Photographs should be good-quality, black and white glossy prints, preferably about 8 by 10 inches, and should be lightly numbered in pencil on the back to key with captions. All figures re-numbered consecutively with arbic numerals in the order in which they are referred to in the text. All captions should be typed on a separate page, double spaced. Captions need not be full sentences.
FIGURE 1

Olmec Jade Earplugs From La Jolla

Illustrative material is returned to authors after a manuscript is published. Note: Authors are responsible for obtaining artwork permission when necessary; any credit line should immediately follow caption.

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Quotations: Direct quotations exceeding four manuscript lines of typing should be set off from the text by indenting three spaces from the left margin and omitting quotation marks. Double-spaced typing must be used. Material added by the author of the article should be enclosed in brackets, not parentheses. Emphases (underlining in manuscript, italics in print) should be identified as “in original” or “added.” Brackets should also enclose the citation of source, at the end of the quotation, if it has not already been given in the text of the manuscript. Omissions in a quotation are indicated by ellipsis, using three dots (periods when typed) where one or more words are omitted; if at the end of a sentence, a period must follow. “Songbirds are most advanced… and apparently latest to evolve…. They have developed an infinite variety of types.”

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Numbers: Numbers from one to ten are spelled out in the text, unless part of an enumeration that contains a number larger than ten, such as “67 infants, 14 children, and 5 adults.” Or in an arithmetical expression, such as “a frequency of 1 in 18.” Numbers from 11 upward are written as numerals, except for round numbers used in an approximate sense, as in “not more than two hundred years ago.” In referring to parts of books, numerals are not spelled out (chapter 7, or age 5). Century designations used numerals, and “century” is not capitalized, as in “17th century).” A decade is referred to as “the 1910s” (not the 1940’s or forties). When inclusive pages are cited, no digits are dropped (pp. 174-175, ont 171-5), but when a span of years is cited within a single century, the first two digits are omitted (1955-57). When manuscripts contain subscripts, superscripts, or equations, or when “zero” might be taken for capital “oh,” marginal notations are essential to avoid possible error in typesetting.

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