© 1990 American Anthropological Association
Editorial Policy: The American Anthropologist publishers articles, research reports, essays, commentaries, and book, film, and exhibit reviews. Articles present significant research findings and theoretical analyses. Research Reports are concise and are topically narrower than major articles. Essays present scholarly issues or ideas in a variety of formats, and Commentaries address topics raised in earlier articles.
Book, film, and exhibit reviews, and review particular books or films may identify themselves to the Editor-in-Chief or Film Review Editor.
The AA does not pay authors for their manuscripts nor does it provide retyping, drawing or mounting of illustrations, or other such services. Those are the responsibility of the author.
The editors reserve the right to reject or return for revision any material submitted, on the grounds of inappropriate subject matter, quality, length, or inconformity with this style guide.
Evaluation: Manuscripts are generally evaluated by the Editor-in-Chief, by one or more members of the Advisory editorial Council and/or by three anonymous referees. That may require only a few weeks but sometimes takes several months. Authors are notified as soon as a decision has been made to accept or reject a manuscript.
Processing Fee: Unsolicited article-length manuscripts from persons who are not members of the American Anthropological Association must be accompanied by a non-refundable processing fee of $25.00. Alternatively, authors may choose to join the Association at the time they submit a manuscript. Manuscripts solicited by the Editors are not subject to this fee.
Author’s Responsibilities: Authors must recognize that they (not the Association) are responsible for the content of their articles, for the accuracy of quotations and their correct attribution, for the legal rights to publish any material submitted, and for submitting their manuscripts in proper form for publication. A manuscript submitted to the American Anthropologist must not be under consideration by any other journal at the same time or have been published elsewhere.
Submission: Manuscripts should be sent to the Editor-in-Chief, American Anthropologist, as listed inside the back cover of each issue. They should be sent by first-class mail in an enveloped or package strong enough to ensure arrival in good condition. Five copies are required. The author should retain a sixth copy. Manuscripts are acknowledged on receipt, although that does not imply acceptance.
Manuscript Form: Double spacing is required for all materials, including quotations, references cited, notes, tables, captions, and headings-everything. One-and-a-half spacing is not acceptance. Do not hyphenate words at that end of lines to keep the right-hand margin regular. Manuscripts must be typed on one side of the sheet only, on good-quality paper; onionskin or erasable paper is not acceptable. Pages must be 8½ by 11 inches (21.6 by 29 cm). At least a one-inch margin is required on all four edges of each page.
Word-Processed Manuscripts: Authors using word processors should (1) turn right justification off; (2) conform to the standard method of indicating italics (a single line drawn or typed under the italicized word) – do not use italic font’ (3) avoid dot matrix printers without true descenders and ascenders.
Sections of the Manuscript: The sections should be ordered as follows:
1. Title Page 5. References Cited
2. Abstract 6. Tables (each on a separate page)
3. Text 7. List of Figure captions
4. Notes and Acknowledgements 8. Figures (including both drawings and
Title Page: Give title, author(s), author’s(s) affiliation(s), and running head.
Abstract: Each article-length manuscript must begin with an abstract, a 50- to 75-word summary of the essential points and findings of the paper, not an introduction or a mere list of topics.
Text: Reference (including references to personal communications) are placed in the body of the text, not in
Notes. Following each quotation (even an indented one) or a statement specific enough to need a reference, the citation is placed in parentheses, with the author’s name, followed by the year of publication of the work quoted or referred to, and the page or pages cited, thus: (Doe 1968:122), (Johnson 1983:115-119). For more than three authors, use the first author’s name followed by “et al.”: (Manning et al. 1970-21-22). If the author of the quotation is clear from the text, then the sentence concluding the reference should cite the year of publication and the page(s).
Note: No footnotes are to appear at the foot of the typed page or of the final published pages. All notes follow the text, beginning on a new page. They are restricted to material that cannot be conveniently included in the text. Avoid unnecessarily long notes. Notes are numbered consecutively throughout the text by superscript numbers.
Acknowledgements: These constitute the first paragraph of Notes. They are not given a superscript or note number referring back to the title, opening paragraph, or other material.
References Noted: The text and notes are followed by References Cited-which do not include any publication not cited in the text; the list is not a bibliography. References Cited should begin on a separate page, and all entries must be double spaced, listed alphabetically by last name or senior, and chronologically for two or more titles by the same author(s). In listing an unusual reference, include all information needed to enable a reader to identify and locate the source; when n doubt, include details, and the editors will details, and the editors will delete any that are considered unnecessary.
The typed layout should conform to the printed layout:
Smith, Clarence D.
1953 Economics of the Pygmies, 2ND edition, London: Kegan Paul
1967 Prestige and Culture: Early Theories. Amer8ican Anthropologist 16: 214-245.
The entries have the following elements: (1) author(s), (2) year of publication, and (3) title and source. Those elements are discussed separately herein:
One author: Smith, Clarence D.
Two to five authors: Smith, Clarence D., John F. Smith, and R.S. Jones
More than five authors: Smith, Clarence D., et al
Corporate author: American Friends Service Committee
Editor, compiler, assembler, or translator Alvarez Garcia, Manual, ed. (or comp., assembler,
2. Year of Publication
Give the year of the edition actually cited in the text. If the date of the first publication is
Important, it should immediately follow the year 1985 in both text and References
Cited. For unpublished material, an actual or estimated date should be used, never “n.d.”
“In press” is used only for material accepted and in process of publication; date of publication is
used (with “in press” at the end of the entry).
3. Title and Source:
Not published (yet): “Manuscript” refers to material not published. Supply information about
The location of the manuscript (files of author; or Smith Collection, Folder E, Yale University
Library; or Archives of Department of History, Delaware State College, Dover).
Article in periodical: The Inscriptions of Limon, Honduras. American Anthropologists 11:
Issue numbers needed only if pagination is not continuous through the volume. When in
Doubt, include it, thus: Natural History 23(3): 7-11. Place of publication is included only when needed to void ambiguity, as in Revista de Antropologia, for which Havana, Trujillo, or Seville is needed.)
Chapter in a book: An inquiry into Land Partitioning in Uganda. In Essays in Land Tenure in Africa, Arthur C. Doyle, ed. Pp. 46-91. Hamilton, NJ: Rose. (State or country is specified only
if place of publication might be uncertain with it. Do not list publisher branch offices. Include any subtitles of book rather than short title only.)
Volume in a series: The Prehistory of the Little Colorado Valley. Fieldiana: Anthropology, Vol. 79: If a series issuque and identifiable, as in the example given, the publisher is not specified. With series in general, name organization first and then specify the particular series, such as Special Publication, Memoirs, Bulletins, etc.)
Articles in volume in series: A survey of Maya Architecture. In Archaeology of southern Mesoamerica, Part 1. Gordon R. Willey, ed. Pp. 718-740. Handbook of Middle American Indians, Vol. 2. Robert Wauchope, gen. Ed. Austin: University of Texas Press. Publication having more than one Volume: The Quarternary in Retrospect 4 vols. Denver: Plains Geological Society. Note: In the text cite as (Peterson 1969-2:II:442-443), with “II” identifying the volume number.
Proceeding and transactions: The Costumes of the Aztecs. Atti del XL Congreso Internazionale degil
Americanisti, Roma-Genova, 1972, Vol. 3, pp. 691-727. Genoa: ilgher. (Cite by date of the publication,
not of the meeting or conference, which is part of the title of the source.
Review: Review of Sex and Temper, by Maud Maigret. Birth Control Review 15: 119-121.
Dissertation or monograph: Institutionalized Responses to Disease: The Leper through History. Ph.D. dissertation, Anthropology Department, Cornell University. (include any subtitle, short title is not sufficient.)
Foreign publications: The city name is anglicized but the publish is not. It is the author’s responsibility
to provide the correct form of names (Alvrez Garcia, Manuel, not Garcia, Manuel Alvarez). Authors must
include proper accent in foreign names and article or book titles.
Translated publications: Totemism. R.S. Peabody, trans. Oston: Little, Brown. (Original: Le
Totemisme Aujourde’hui, Paris, 1933). Translation of title supplied: Nihon Kazoki Seido to Kosaku
Seido (The Family System and the Tenant System of Japan). Tokyo: Dawada Shobo.
References in Review: In a book review, page numbers along will suffice for citation from the book
under review, e.g., (pp. 22-23). Authors of reviews should use no references, instead merely referring
briefly to a particular publication, e.g., Jones covers this thoroughly in the Ascent of Man (Harper and
Tables: All tabular material should be separate from the text, in a series of “tables” numbered
consecutively with Arabic numerals. Each table is typed on a separate page and identified by a short descriptive title centered at the top of the table. . Footnotes for tables appear at the bottom of each table and are marked with lowercase, superscript letters (a,b,c, etc.). Marginal notations in the manuscript should indicate approximate placement of tables.
Figures: All illustrative material drawings, charts, maps, diagrams, and photographs) should be included
in a single numbered series of “figures.” They must be submitted in a form suitable for publication without redrawing. Lettering for figures is never satisfactory if done on a typewriter. Drawings and their lettering should be carefully done in black ink on white illustration board or good-quality acetate. In preparing oversize figures for reduction, use the same proportions as the text page of the journal, and all lines must be thick enough and spaced widely enough to be legible for reduction to journal size. Photographs should be good-quality, black and white glossy prints, preferably about 8 by 10 inches, and should be lightly numbered in pencil on the back to key with captions. All figures re-numbered consecutively with arbic numerals in the order in which they are referred to in the text. All captions should be typed on a separate page, double spaced. Captions need not be full sentences.
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Illustrative material is returned to authors after a manuscript is published. Note: Authors are responsible for obtaining artwork permission when necessary; any credit line should immediately follow caption.
Subheadings: Major subheads should be typed in capital and lower case letters, centered on the page, with extra space above and below. Second-level subheads are not encouraged, but if clarity requires them, they should be typed in capitals and lower case, underlined, flushed with the left margin, and with extra space above and below. Subheads consisting only of numbers are not used.
Quotations: Direct quotations exceeding four manuscript lines of typing should be set off from the text by indenting three spaces from the left margin and omitting quotation marks. Double-spaced typing must be used. Material added by the author of the article should be enclosed in brackets, not parentheses. Emphases (underlining in manuscript, italics in print) should be identified as “in original” or “added.” Brackets should also enclose the citation of source, at the end of the quotation, if it has not already been given in the text of the manuscript. Omissions in a quotation are indicated by ellipsis, using three dots (periods when typed) where one or more words are omitted; if at the end of a sentence, a period must follow. “Songbirds are most advanced… and apparently latest to evolve…. They have developed an infinite variety of types.”
Spelling: Refer to Webster’s Third New International Dictionary (1981) or the latest edition of its abridgement, Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary. If two or more spellings are given, use the shorter (archaeology, not archaeology; catalog, not catalogue; judgment, not judgment). In all quotations and titles of books, articles, etc., the actual spelling of the original is used. When abbreviations are used they carry periods: B.c, i.e., etc., except for the mo9st familiar acronyms, such as UNESCO. Italicize names for general and species but not their derivatives: Australopithecus but australopithecine. Italicize foreign words unless abbreviated (ca., q.v.) or common 9n situ). Authors should avoid the unnecessary use of gender-specific language.
Numbers: Numbers from one to ten are spelled out in the text, unless part of an enumeration that contains a number larger than ten, such as “67 infants, 14 children, and 5 adults.” Or in an arithmetical expression, such as “a frequency of 1 in 18.” Numbers from 11 upward are written as numerals, except for round numbers used in an approximate sense, as in “not more than two hundred years ago.” In referring to parts of books, numerals are not spelled out (chapter 7, or age 5). Century designations used numerals, and “century” is not capitalized, as in “17th century).” A decade is referred to as “the 1910s” (not the 1940’s or forties). When inclusive pages are cited, no digits are dropped (pp. 174-175, ont 171-5), but when a span of years is cited within a single century, the first two digits are omitted (1955-57). When manuscripts contain subscripts, superscripts, or equations, or when “zero” might be taken for capital “oh,” marginal notations are essential to avoid possible error in typesetting.
Measurements: All measurements should be in metric units (31 km or 7.3 m). English terms may be used along or in a general, not an exact, sense, e.g., “Cultivators seeking more acreage…” or “Many miles of coastline….”
Copy-edited Manuscript: Photocopies of copy-edited manuscripts are sent to authors, who should answer any queries and add any essential last-minute changes before the manuscript is typeset. Authors should retain a copy of this manuscript to compare to galley proofs.
Galley Proofs: Galley proofs are sent to authors, who must check them for typographical errors. Nothing may be rewritten in galley proof. All changes and additions by an author are suggestions only and may be disregarded at the discretion of the Editors. Authors may be billed for their alterations. For corrections to be taken into account on the master galley, corrected galley proofs must be mailed to the Managing Editor within 48 hours of receipt. No page proofs are sent to authors.
Reprints Reprints will be supplied to authors who send payment by the specified deadline, along with the reprint order forms. Those forms are mailed to authors at the time of publication of the journal, not with galley proofs.